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Golf Scoring


Golf Scoring

In every form of play, the goal is to play as few shots per round as possible. Scores for each hole can be described as follows:

Term on a scoreboard Specific term Definition
-3 double-eagle (albatross) three strokes under par
-2 eagle two strokes under par
-1 birdie one stroke under par
0 par or even strokes equal to par
+1 bogey one stroke more than par
+2 double bogey two strokes over par
+3 triple bogey three strokes over par

The two basic forms of playing golf are match play and stroke play.

 In match play, two players (or two teams) play every hole as a separate contest against each other. The party with the lower score wins that hole, or if the scores of both players or teams are equal the hole is "halved" (drawn). The game is won by the party that wins more holes than the other.

In the case that one team or player has taken a lead that cannot be overcome in the number of holes remaining to be played, the match is deemed to be won by the party in the lead, and the remainder of the holes are not played. For example, if one party already has a lead of six holes, and only five holes remain to be played on the course, the match is over.

At any given point, if the lead is equal to the number of holes remaining, the match is said to be "dormie", and is continued until the leader increases the lead by one hole, thereby winning the match, or until the match ends in a tie. When the game is tied after the predetermined number of holes have been played, it may be continued until one side takes a one-hole lead, and thereupon immediately wins by one hole.

 In stroke play, every player (or team) counts the number of shots taken for the whole round or tournament to produce the total score, and the player with the lowest score wins.

A variant of stroke play is Stableford scoring, where a number of points (two for the target score) are given for each hole, and the fewer shots taken, the more points obtained, so the aim is to have as many points as possible.

Another variant of stroke play, the Modified Stableford method, awards points on each hole in relation to par and then adds the points over a round; for more details on this method, see the article on The International, a tournament that uses Modified Stableford scoring.


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There are many variations of these basic principles, some of which are explicitly described in the "Rules of Golf" and are therefore regarded "official". "Official" forms of play are, among others, foursome and four-ball games.

TYPES OF SCORING

Matchplay scoring
Stableford scoring
Foursomes and Fourballs
 Matchplay scoring
Matchplay scoring is focused on the result of each hole as opposed to accumulate the lowest number of strokes for the entire round.
 Stableford scoring
It is based on stroke-play formats in which the final score is not the stroke total, but the total points earned on each individual hole.
 Foursomes and Fourballs
These are played between two teams of two players. In foursomes, each team has only one ball and fourballs.